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                國際貿易知識

                1.Price貿易價格

                trade term / price term 價格術語

                world / international market price 國際市場價格

                FOB (free on board) 離岸價

                C&F (cost and freight) 成本加運費價

                CIF (cost, insurance and freight) 到岸價

                freight 運費

                wharfage 碼頭費

                landing charges 卸貨費

                customs duty 關稅

                port dues 港口稅

                import surcharge 進口附加稅

                import variable duties 進口差價稅

                commission 傭金

                return commission 回傭,回扣

                price including commission 含傭價

                net price 凈價

                wholesale price 批發價

                discount / allowance 折扣

                retail price 零售價

                spot price 現貨價格

                current price 現行價格 / 時價

                indicative price 參考價格

                customs valuation 海關估價

                price list 價目表

                total value 總值

                2.Insurance貿易保險

                All Risks 一切險

                F.P.A. (Free from Particular Average) 平安險

                W.A. / W.P.A (With Average or With Particular Average)水漬險

                War Risk 戰爭險

                F.W.R.D. (Fresh Water Rain Damage) 淡水雨淋險

                Risk of Intermixture and Contamination 混雜、玷污險

                Risk of Leakage 滲漏險

                Risk of Odor 串味險

                Risk of Rust 銹蝕險

                Shortage Risk 短缺險

                T.P.N.D. ( Theft, Pilferage & Non-delivery) 偷竊提貨不著險

                Strikes Risk 罷工險

                3.Organization貿易機構

                WTO (World Trade Organization) 世界貿易組織

                IMF (International Monetary Fund) 國際貨幣基金組織

                CTG (Council for Trade in Goods) 貨幣貿易理事會

                EFTA (European Free Trade Association) 歐洲自由貿易聯盟

                AFTA (ASEAN Free Trade Area) 東盟自由貿易區

                JCCT (China-US Joint Commission on Commerce and Trade)中美商貿聯委會

                NAFTA (North American Free Trade Area) 北美自由貿易區

                UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade andDevelopment) 聯合國貿易與發展會議

                GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) 關貿總協定

                4.Methods貿易方式

                stocks 存貨,庫存量

                cash sale 現貨

                purchase 購買,進貨

                bulk sale 整批銷售,躉售

                distribution channels 銷售渠道

                wholesale 批發

                retail trade 零售業

                hire-purchase 分期付款購買

                fluctuate in line with market conditions 隨行就市

                unfair competition 不合理競爭

                dumping 商品傾銷

                dumping profit margin 傾銷差價,傾銷幅度

                antidumping 反傾銷

                customs bond 海關擔保

                chain debts 三角債

                freight forwarder 貨運代理

                trade consultation 貿易磋商

                mediation of dispute 商業糾紛調解

                partial shipment 分批裝運

                restraint of trade 貿易管制

                RTA (Regional Trade Arrangements) 區域貿易安排

                favorable balance of trade 貿易順差

                unfavorable balance of trade 貿易逆差

                special preferences 優惠關稅

                bonded warehouse 保稅倉庫

                transit trade 轉口貿易

                tariff barrier 關稅壁壘

                tax rebate 出口退稅

                TBT (Technical Barriers to Trade) 技術性貿易壁壘

                5. Import and Export Trade進出口貿易

                commerce, trade, trading 貿易

                inland trade, home trade, domestic trade 國內貿易

                international trade 國際貿易

                foreign trade, external trade 對外貿易,外貿

                import, importation 進口

                importer 進口商

                export, exportation 出口

                exporter 出口商

                import licence 進口許口證

                export licence 出口許口證

                commercial transaction 買賣,交易

                inquiry 詢盤

                delivery 交貨

                order 訂貨

                make a complete entry 正式/完整申報

                bad account 壞帳

                Bill of Lading 提單

                marine bills of lading 海運提單

                shipping order 托運單

                blank endorsed 空白背書

                endorsed 背書

                cargo receipt 承運貨物收據

                condemned goods 有問題的貨物

                catalogue 商品目錄

                customs liquidation 清關

                customs clearance 結關

                6. Trade Partner貿易伙伴

                trade partner 貿易伙伴

                manufacturer 制造商,制造廠

                middleman 中間商,經紀人

                dealer 經銷商

                wholesaler 批發商

                retailer, tradesman 零售商

                merchant 商人,批發商,零售商

                concessionaire, licensed dealer 受讓人,特許權獲得者

                consumer 消費者,用戶

                client, customer 顧客,客戶

                buyer 買主,買方

                carrier 承運人

                consignee 收貨人

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